- The American Cancer Society’s most recent estimates for thyroid cancer incidence in the United States for 2021 are 44,280 new cases of thyroid cancer (12,150 in men and 32,130 in women) and approximately 2,200 deaths from thyroid cancer (1,050 men and 1,150 women).
- The highest incidence of thyroid carcinomas in the world is found among female Chinese residents of Hawaii.
- The rate of new cases of thyroid cancer was 15.7 per 100,000 men and women per year. The death rate was 0.5 per 100,000 men and women per year. These rates are age-adjusted and based on 2013 to 2017 cases and 2014 to 2018 death.
- Roughly 1.3% of men and women will be diagnosed with thyroid cancer at some point during their lifetime, based on 2015 to 2017 data.
- In 2017, there were an estimated 859,838 people living with thyroid cancer in the United States.
- Thyroid cancer develops in individuals of all ages but is most often seen in persons aged 45 to 54, with a median age at diagnosis is 51 years.
- In the younger population, PTC tends to occur more often than follicular carcinoma, with a peak in patients aged 30 to 50 years.
- Approximately 67% of thyroid cancers are localized (confined to the primary site), 28% have spread to regional lymph nodes, and 4% had metastasized to distant sites.
- The 5-year relative survival for localized thyroid cancer is 99.9%, for patients with regional metastasis is 98.3% and with distant metastasis is 54.9%.
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