The Hypopharynx

  • The hypopharynx:
    • Is interposed between the:
      • Oropharynx superiorly and the upper esophagus inferiorly:
        • With the larynx located anteriorly
  • In the adult:
    • The hypopharynx extends:
      • From the hyoid bone (fourth cervical vertebrae) above to
      • Below the cricopharyngeus muscle:
        • Lower border of the cricoid cartilage (sixth cervical vertebrae)
    • The cervical esophagus extends:
      • From the lower border of the cricoid cartilage into the thorax
  • The hypopharynx includes:
    • The posterior pharyngeal wall
    • The piriform fossae or sinuses, and
    • The post cricoid area or space

#Arrangoiz #HeadandNeckSurgeon #CancerSurgeon #SurgicalOncologist #Teacher

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