Breast-conserving treatment with or without radiotherapy in ductal carcinoma-in-situ: ten-year results of European Organisation for Research and Treatment of Cancer randomized phase III trial 10853—a study by the EORTC Breast Cancer Cooperative Group and EORTC Radiotherapy Group

Nina Bijker, Philip Meijnen, Johannes L Peterse, Jan Bogaerts, Irène Van Hoorebeeck, Jean-Pierre Julien, Massimiliano Gennaro, Philippe Rouanet, Antoine Avril, Ian S Fentiman, Harry Bartelink, Emiel J Th RutgersJournal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology 2006 July 20, 24 (21): 3381-7

PURPOSE

👉The European Organisation for Research and Treatment of Cancer conducted a randomized trial investigating the role of radiotherapy (RT) after local excision (LE) of ductal carcinoma-in-situ (DCIS) of the breast. They analyzed the efficacy of RT with 10 years follow-up on both the overall risk of local recurrence (LR) and related to clinical, histologic, and treatment factors.

PATIENTS AND METHODS

👉After complete LE, women with DCIS were randomly assigned to no further treatment or RT (50 Gy).

👉One thousand ten women with mostly (71%) mammographically detected DCIS were included.

👉The median follow-up was 10.5 years.

RESULTS

👉The 10-year LR-free rate was 74% in the group treated with LE alone compared with 85% in the women treated by LE plus RT (log-rank P < .0001; hazard ratio [HR] = 0.53).

👉The risk of DCIS and invasive LR was reduced by 48% (P = .0011) and 42% (P = .0065) respectively.

👉Both groups had similar low risks of metastases and death.

👉At multivariate analysis, factors significantly associated with an increased LR risk were young age (< or = 40 years; HR = 1.89), symptomatic detection (HR = 1.55), intermediately or poorly differentiated DCIS (as opposed to well-differentiated DCIS; HR = 1.85 and HR = 1.61 respectively), cribriform or solid growth pattern (as opposed to clinging/micropapillary subtypes; HR = 2.39 and HR = 2.25 respectively), doubtful margins (HR = 1.84), and treatment by LE alone (HR = 1.82).

👉The effect of RT was homogeneous across all assessed risk factors.

CONCLUSION

👉With long-term follow-up, RT after LE for DCIS continued to reduce the risk of LR, with a 47% reduction at 10 years. All patient subgroups benefited from RT.

#Arrangoiz #BreastSurgeon #BreastCancer #CancerSurgeon #SurgicalOncologist

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