Goals of Treatment of Cancer of the Oral Cavity

  • The goals of treatment of cancer of the oral cavity are:
    • Cure of the cancer
    • Preservation or restoration of:
      • Speech
      • Mastication
      • Swallowing
      • External appearance
    • Minimization of the sequelae of treatment such as:
      • Dental decay
      • Osteonecrosis of the mandible
      • Trismus
    • Selecting options with the awareness of the risk of subsequent primary tumors and their management
  • Factors that influence the choice of initial treatment for oral cavity cancers are related to:
    • The characteristics of the primary tumor (tumor factors)
    • The patient (patient factors)
    • The treatment team (physician factors)
Factors that play a role in the selection of initial treatment

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