Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) E5194 Study

  • To investigate the risk of ipsilateral breast events (IBEs) in patients with DCIS treated with local excision without radiation:
    • The ECOG and North Central Cancer Treatment Group (NCCTG):
      • Conducted a prospective trial between 1997 and 2002 known as the E5194 study
      • Patients were stratified into two groups based on grade:
        • Low- and intermediate-grade DCIS measuring 2.5 cm or smaller
        • High-grade DCIS measuring 1 cm or smaller
      • Margin widths of 3 mm or wider were required along with no residual calcifications on postoperative mammograms
      • The low- and intermediate-grade DCIS group:
        • Had a 12-year IBE rate of 14.4%
      • The high-grade DCIS group:
        • Had a 12-year IBE rate of 24.6% (p=0.003)
      • Larger tumor size:
        • Was also found to be statistically significantly associated with developing an IBE (P = .01)
      • The risks of developing an IBE for either DCIS or invasive cancer:
        • Increased over time through 12 years of follow-up:
          • Without plateau
  • Current literature reports a 50% decrease in local recurrence with radiotherapy after surgical excision of DCIS:
    • However, we continue to look for low risk subsets of patients with DCIS:
      • In whom the absolute benefit of radiation therapy of lumpectomy may be small
  • The DCIS score (12-gene signature):
    • Was developed from tissue samples from the E5194 study:
      • With the goal of identifying low and high-risk subsets of patients with DCIS following lumpectomy alone
    • This assay utilized quantitative reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR):
      • From tumor specimens from 327 patients with DCIS treated with surgical excision without radiation from the E5194 study
    • The DCIS score of 0 to 100 (low less than 39, intermediate 39 to 54, high ≥ 55):
      • Was then designed to predict the recurrence of IBE overall, as well as DCIS or invasive cancer recurrence
      • The DCIS score correlated with 10-year IBE risk of:
        • 10.6% in the low-risk group
        • 26.7% in the intermediate-risk group
        • 25.9% in the high-risk group
      • Young age and larger tumor size:
        • Also were found to be independent predictors of recurrence
      • So, this test may be most beneficial in post-menopausal women with small tumors
  • References:
    • Solin LJ, Gray R, Hughes LL, Wood WC, Lowen MA, Badve SS, et al. Surgical excision without radiation for ductal carcinoma in situ of the breast: 12-year results from the ECOG-ACRIN E5194 Study. J Clin Oncol. 2015;33(33):3938-3944.
    • Solin LJ, Gray R, Baehner FL, Butler SM, Hughes LL, Yoshizawa C, et al. A multigene expression assay to predict local recurrence risk for ductal carcinoma in situ of the breast. J Natl Cancer Inst. 2013;105(10):701-710.

#Arrangoiz #BreastSurgeon #CancerSurgeon #SurgicalOncologist #BreastCancer #DCIS #ECOG5194 #Teacher #Surgeon #Miami #MountSinaiMedicalCenter #Mexico

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