What is Head and Neck Surgery?

👉It is a surgical sub-specialty that deals mainly with benign and malignant tumors of the head and neck region, including:The scalp, facial region, eyes, ears, nose, nasal fossae, paranasal sinuses, oral cavity, pharynx (nasopharynx, oropharynx, hypopharynx), larynx (supraglotic larynx, glottis larynx, subglotic larynx), thyroid gland, parathyroid gland, salivary glands (parotid glands, submandibular glands, sublingual glands, minor salivary glands), soft tissues of the neck, skin of the head and neck region.

👉The head and neck surgeon’s work area: – Does not cover tumors or diseases of the brain and other areas of the central nervous system or those of the cervical spine:This is the neurosurgeon field.

👉Among the diagnostic proceduresperformed by the head and neck surgeon, are the following:

-Nasopharyngolaryngoscopy: Performed to examine, evaluate and, possibly perform a biopsy, of oral cavity, pharyngeal and laryngeal lesions.

👉The surgeries most commonly performed by the head and neck surgeon are: Total or near total thyroidectomiesHemithryoidectomies (lobectomies)

👉Comprehensive neck dissections

👉Selective neck dissections

👉Maxillectomies: Total maxillectomy Subtotal maxillectomy. Infrastructure maxillectomy Suprastructure maxillectomy Medial maxillectomy

👉Mandibulectomy: Segmental Marginal

👉Tracheostomy

👉Salivary gland surgeries: Parotid gland operations: Limited superficial parotidectomy with identification and preservation of the facial nerve Superficial parotidectomy with identification and preservation of the facial nerve Near total parotidectomy with identification and preservation of the facial nerve Total parotidectomy

👉Submandibular gland resection

👉Sublingual gland resection

👉Resection of tumors of the oral cavity: Glossectomy Resection of the floor of the mouth tumors

👉Resection of tumors of the pharynx

👉Resection of tumors of the larynx

👉Split-thickness skin grafts

👉Full-thickness skin grafts

👉Sentinel lymph node mapping and sentinel lymph node biopsy

👉Resection of malignant skin tumors (BCC, SCC, melanoma) of the head and neck region

👉The formation of the head and neck surgeon includes mastering the following subjects:

Surgical Anatomy

History and Basic Principles of Head and Neck Surgery

Epidemiology, Etiology, and Pathology of Head and Neck Diseases

Diagnostic Radiology of the Head and Neck Region

Tumors of the Scalp, Skin and Melanoma

Eyelids and Orbit

Nasal Cavity and Paranasal Sinuses

Skull Base and Temporal Bone

Lips and Oral Cavity

Pharynx and Esophagus

Larynx and Trachea

Cervical Lymph Nodes

Thyroid and Parathyroid Glands

Salivary Glands

Neurogenic Tumors and Paragangliomas

Soft Tissue Tumors

Bone Tumors and Odontogenic Lesions

Reconstructive Surgery

Oncologic Dentistry and Maxillofacial Prosthetics

Principles of Radiation Oncology

Principles of Chemotherapy

Molecular Oncology, Genomics and Immunology

Nutrition

Biostatistic

#Arrangoiz #HeadandNeckSurgeon #CancerSurgeon #SurgicalOncologist #CASO #CenterforAdvancedSurgicalOncology

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